Jack London (1876-1916)
Jack London, an American writer of short stories, novels, memoirs, and socialist essays, grew up in poverty and was mostly self-educated. Born in San Francisco as John Griffith Chaney, he was raised by his mother, a music teacher, after being abandoned by his father, an itinerant astrologer. He would later take the surname of his stepfather, a poor shopkeeper. Throughout his life, London was variously a hobo, seaman, Klondike Gold Rush prospector, Socialist Party candidate for mayor, investigative journalist, and war correspondent, as well as one of the great American novelists. He is criticized, however, for racist viewpoints and a brand of socialism that at times reads more like fascism. Major works include The Call of the Wild (1903), White Fang (1906), The Sea Wolf (1904), The Iron Heel (1908), Martin Eden (1909), The Star Rover (1915), and others.
Jack London's first collection of short stories, The Son of the Wolf, set in the Klondike, where he had personal experience during the 1897 Klondike Gold Rush. First published in 1900.
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